It begins to flower in white clusters during spring at about 5 years of age and will also begin to produce berries at that time. Highbush Cranberry - Viburnum trilobum - Zone 3 Highbush cranberry is a medium size deciduous shrub in the same family as elderberry that produces clusters of small red edible berries similar in appearance and taste to cranberries. For many years, American cranberry bush has also been commonly called highbush cranberry. Some love the pungent odor that reminds them of fall’s approach while others find it positively rank. You will often see “highbush cranberry” listed for sale under its old name, Viburnum trilobum, so many people have had the unfortunate experience of discovering that what they purchased was the European form when they were hoping for the American form. Pairs of opposite leaves occur along the shoots and twigs. opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.). Viburnum trilobum is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft 10in) at a medium rate. Description:. Highbush cranberry tolerates most soil types, frost, and drought. Young non-woody shoots are green to reddish green and glabrous. American Viburnum; Cranberry Viburnum; Highbush Carnberry; Previously known as: Viburnum opulus ssp. It readily sprouts after a fire. And, how does a glass of juice made with highbush cranberries sound to you? The clusters are 2 to 3 inches across, with an outer ring of larger, sterile flowers. Other: berries tart, but edible, extract of bark used medicinally. The petiole is grooved and has round, raised glands near the base. Accessed online. It may also be worth noting that the European form (opulus) is widely naturalized in central Maine, and a trusted source has written to say that he finds that one–at least in central Maine–more often than he finds the native (americanum) form! The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Common Name: highbush cranberry, American cranberry bushScientific Name:  The arching stems create a dense, rounded form. The water-soluble preparation (containing a bitter compound called viburnine) has been used for relief of menstrual and stomach cramps and asthma. Dark green leaves turn purplish-red in autumn, alongside drooping clusters of bright red berries. This publication made possible through a grant from the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. (Vi-BUR-num ED-yew-lee) ( Newer classification Adoxaceae-the Moschatel Family) Names: The name Viburnum comes from the Latin word for Viburnum lantana, the Wayfaring Tree. White flowers are followed by red "cranberry-like" fruit. americanum. Established plants can tolerate drought, but they are helped by supplemental watering during such periods. Check out this delicious-sounding recipe courtesy of EdibleWildFood.com. This publication made possible through a grant from the USDA Forest Service. americanum synonym V. trilobum), also called Highbush Cranberry, Cranberrybush Viburnum, and several other common names, is not the source of the cranberries often served for Thanksgiving dinner.Those cranberries come from an unrelated species, Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon), a member of the heath family, and a plant that is more … The flowers are pollinated by both wind and insects. Herman, D.E., et al. Rightmost image shows four Viburnum leaf beetle larvae feeding on one of the branches. trilobum; Viburnum trilobum; Description. But the fruits can resemble them in taste and looks (University of Maine Extension 2019). It is tolerant of frost, likes sun or semi-shade, and is successful in most soil types but does best in well-drained, moist soil that is rich and loamy. Viburnum trilobum Highbush Cranberry blooms in spring with white clusters of tiny florets, surrounded by larger florets. Non-native plant species are offered as alternative choices because of their benefit to wildlife and for their utility uses such as erosion control and site reclamation. If you are wondering whether or not there is a way to tell the difference between the two types (without the need to taste the fruit), then check out the 3rd bullet in the FAQs section below. [email protected]. It does best in well-drained, moist rich, loamy soils. *Please Note: There is also a European form (species or possibly subspecies) of highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus) that is described as having inedible/bitter fruit. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. They are superficially similar to many maple leaves, but have a somewhat wrinkled surface and impressed venation. High Bush Cranberry. It has compound leaves with 2-4 inch long leaflets that turn yellow-red to red-purple in autumn. Highbush Cranberry is self fertile. To request a copy of the complaint form, call (866) 632-9992. It does not begin to produce fruit until approximately five years of age. This Highbush Cranberry is also known as the American Cranberry Bush. If you wish to eat the fruit, make sure you plant the true North American species,  Viburnum opulus var. Fruit: Nearly round drupe (drupe: a fleshy fruit with a central stonelike core containing one or more seeds) about 1/3 inch diameter with a single large seed, bright red, juicy and quite acid, like a cranberry. Edible Qualities: The fruits/drupes can be eaten raw (though not very tasty that way) or cooked, and like cranberries, they are rich in vitamin C and so have a tart, acid taste (the taste is best after a frost and when picked slightly under-ripe). americanum (trilobum), as some consider it a subspecies of the Eurasian variety. The jam reportedly has a very pleasant flavor. The flavor and appearance of the fruit from highbush cranberry plants is a lot like true cranberries. The seeds ripen from August to September. of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. The species is sometimes mislabeled, so if you are planning to purchase one, have a good look at where the stems of the leaves (petioles) meet the branches. Ethnobotanic: The bark of highbush cranberry yields a powerful antispasmodic (whence the origin of one its American common names, crampbark). The fruit ripens in fall—just in time for the fall and winter holidays. Plentiful spring blossoms benefit pollinators, and the fruits of Highbush Cranberry will persist into the winter, adding bright red highlights to a stark landscape. Spiced Highbush Cranberry Sauce Many of my friends have varying relationships with the highbush cranberry. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - Opposite. American Highbush Cranberry, also known as Viburnum trilobum, is a common shrub of moist soils in about 3/4s of Minnesota. Opulus is the European relation, commonly called “guelder rose” in those parts. Not a true cranberry, highbush cranberry is just as tart. It is often called American cranberry bush in order to distinguish it from the similar European cranberry bush, Viburnum opulus. The Honeysuckle family is comprised of about 400 species, with 11 tree species—and numerous shrub species—that are native to North America. Handsome hedge or filler plant. americanum. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. North Dakota tree handbook.USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. Wentworth Highbush Cranberry is a multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. This institution is an equal opportunity provider. With all of the leaves already consumed, these larvae were feeding on the bark and inner branch layers! Additionally, program information is also available in languages other than English. The two plants are quite different, however. European Highbush Cranberry Viburnum opulus. They were a traditional food of native American peoples, and they’re still made into jams, syrups, and pies. Family: AdoxaceaeGenus: ViburnumSpecies: opulusHardiness Zone: 2 to 7Height: 8 to 12 ft Width: 8 to 12 ftDescription: Highbush cranberry is not a true cranberry, it is actually a member of the honeysuckle family. Caprifoliaceae-the Honeysuckle Family. Wildlife benefits from the plant's fruits that remain on the shrub into winter. opulus), an introduction from Europe that's been widely planted as an ornamental and escapes cultivation. The arching... References:. The highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry at all, though its fruit, or ‘drupes’ as they are known taxonomically, strongly resemble cranberries in both appearance and taste. Viburnum trilobum – A highbush cranberry species native to the northeastern United States. This shrub resembles the cranberry in appearance and taste. The distinctive orange-red berries of highbush cranberry lend this species its common name. The highbush cranberry is actually not a cranberry at all, though its fruit, or ‘drupes’ as they are known taxonomically, strongly resemble cranberries in both appearance and taste. HIGHBUSH CRANBERRY - VIBURNUM OPULUS Common Name: . The glands of the Canadian native have stalks while the others don’t. Both are native to North America, but the highbush cranberry is a Viburnum, a member of the Caprifoliaceae, or Honeysuckle family, in contrast to the ‘true,’ or lowbush cranberry, which is a Vaccinium, a member of the Ericaceae—Heather or Heath—family. The bark of trunks and branches is gray, while twigs are brown and glabrous with white lenticels. americanum) has tart, acidic fruit that is best served in jellies, jams, sauces and relishes. 1996. Highbush Cranberry (not a true cranberry), 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events. In accordance with Federal law and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) civil rights regulations and policies, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, disability, and reprisal or retaliation for prior civil rights activity. They can also be used in jellies, jams, pies, sauces, liqueurs, and wine. In North America, the highbush cranberry stretches from British Columbia east to Newfoundland, south to Washington state and east to northern Virginia, with an isolated population in New Mexico. Submit your completed form or letter to USDA by: (1) mail: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20250- 9410; (2) fax: (202) 690-7442; or (3) email: program. Urban Forestry Outreach, Research & Extension. VIBURNUM TRILOBUM, Highbush Cranberry 1 gallon This easy-to-grow shrub does well in average soils with plenty of moisture and full sun or part shade. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Persons with disabilities who require alternative means of communication for program information (e.g., Braille, large print, audiotape, American Sign Language, etc.) Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade.Adaptable to soil pH.Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering.Moderate tolerance of aerial salt spray. Genus: . 14 June 2019. Flowers: It produces flat-top clusters of showy white flowers in June. Highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. Height. In cultivation it may assume a fully-branched, reasonably dense form. Deciduous shrub grown for its dense mounding habit and small size. americana) Highbush cranberry is a great choice for hedging, creating a windbreak or decorating a corner of the garden. The many branches are covered with small glossy tri-lobed leaves. … The fruits can be eaten raw or cooked into a sauce to serve with meat or game.. To file a complaint alleging discrimination, complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form, AD-3027, found online at http://www.ascr.usda.gov/ complaint_filing_cust.html , or at any USDA office or write a letter addressed to USDA and provided in the letter all of the information requested in the form. Quick Links: FAQs || Plant Description || Insect Pests || Pruning, Some Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, whitten tree, ople tree, snowball tree, crampbark. Our county is full of maple leafed looking plants. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) They also mature in the fall, as cranberries do. American Viburnum is a shrub found in wet woods, along streams, and on moist wooded hillsides of northern USA and Canada. The American cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum OR Viburnum opulus var. The fruit of this species is so bitter that I think it is stretching the truth to call it edible. At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. They are glossy dark green in the summer but often change to yellow-red or red-purple in the fall. americanum), also known as American cranberry bush, is confusingly not actually related to the cranberries we love to eat around the holidays (i.e., Vaccinium species). Photos by Charles Armstrong, except: Viburnum opulus var. apart.]. A dwarf form, 'Compactum', is available. Excellent orange-red fall color and red fruits. It is a deciduous shrub with a dense, rounded, spreading habit that typically grows to … They are located mostly in north temperate regions and in tropical mountains. should contact the responsible State or local Agency that administers the program or USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TTY) or contact USDA through the Federal Relay Service at (800) 877-8339. americanum (trilobum). Here is a list of some very good questions we have received over the years, with answers provided from UMaine Extension Specialist in Ornamental Horticulture and retired Professor of Sustainable Agriculture, Dr. Lois Berg Stack. Highbush cranberry plants are showy in spring when the flowers bloom against a backdrop … Community Engagement and Preparedness (CEP) Program, http://www.ascr.usda.gov/ complaint_filing_cust.html. https://extension.umaine.edu/cranberries/highbush-cranberry/. Both the larvae and adults of the beetle feed on the leaves, severely skeletonizing them. Highbush Cranberry is also known as Squashberry, Mooseberry, Moosewood Viburnum, Lowbush Cranberry, Few-flowered Highbush Cranberry… The two varieties can easily be confused. They are an excellent substitute for cranberries and are likewise used in preserves, jams/jellies, sauces, etc., which make delicious condiments for meat and game. Insect Pests: Reported to have very few insect problems overalll, but one insect in particular—the Viburnum Leaf Beetle (Pyrrhalta viburni P.)—is capable of completely defoliating highbush cranberry stands (complete defoliation has been seen before in Maine–see photos below). Severe damage inflicted yearly, however, will kill the tree. The trees can survive this injury, however, and can go on to leaf out normally again the following year. Highbush cranberries are confusing, first, as they aren’t really a cranberry at all, as true cranberries are in the blueberry family or Vaccinium which makes small low-growing bushy plants, while highbush cranberry … (Viburnum trilobum) General Description A large, leggy, poorly branched native shrub found in wooded, usually moist areas, competing with the rest of the underbrush. Viburnum edule (Michx.) The two plants are quite different, however. I prefer to call this plant "bad highbush cranberry" because that name is instructive to the forager. According to the Natural Resources Conservation Service, the highbush cranberry is listed as ‘endangered’ in Indiana, ‘threatened’ in Ohio, and ‘rare’ in Pennsylvania. The first species that I wish to discuss is Viburnum opulus, the European highbush cranberry or guelder rose. American Cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. They also mature in the fall, as cranberries do. It’s related to blueberries. The flowers are hermaphrodite (having both male and female organs) and are therefore self-fertile, meaning that an individual plant’s flowers can pollinate one another, so there is no need for a second type (or even a second individual plant) to provide pollen and produce fruit. It is noted for attracting wildlife, especially birds which benefit from the fruit, which can remain on the branches well into mid winter. Hardiness Zone: . They often remain on the shrub throughout the winter. Species: . 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